Poland is one of the countries with the poorest water resources in the EU. There is about 1000 m3 water/year per inhabitant in drought periods, which is 4 times less than in other EU countries. Climate changes, including local heavy rains, or precipitation shortages causing extreme drought, reduce water resources.
In the fight with drought and floods, activities as necessary under the so-called small retention. Reservoirs, ponds and small ponds locally support the water balance. Helpful is also afforestation of wasteland and restoration of wetlands and areas retaining water for a longer period. Proper draining-irrigating melioration has a great effect on improvement in soil retention in areas, as it will drain excess water at the right time from soil, storing it for the drought period. Soil also needs to be enriched with organic matter which can collect and store water.
In the proposed panel, topics related to the methods restricting drought effects will be discussed, with special attention paid to:
• surface water retention
• cultivation irrigations
Today short food chains are a priority in rural development and agriculture programs across the whole European Union and an important element in the development of local agricultural markets. The main objective of short food chains is a decreased number of intermediaries between the farmer or food producer and the consumer. The development of retail forms directly from farmers such as: direct sale, direct delivery, retail farming or marginal, local and limited operations, are a way to increase demand and supply of delicious, fresh food products. However, it is important to achieve a growing sales scale that incorporates small and geographically diffused agricultural farms. Consumers are looking for food product purchase opportunities directly from producers but access to these products is not easy, and farmers’ individual actions are insufficient. A challenge for today is to organize and inspire geographically diffused actions of producers, often far from large cities, that will reach a collective effect and the effect of scale.
The proposed panel will present the subject matter of short supply chains and will answer the questions – what are short supply chain systems, why is it worth developing them and how to develop them?
Well-being is understood as a condition of harmony between the animal and the environment in which the animal is staying. This is expressed by correct physiological and mental functioning of an individual. Well-being has many definitions but the simplest of them determines it as “a good feeling of an animal”. Within the direct payment system, since 2013 animal raising farmers have been obliged to comply with the minimum mutual compliance requirements in the scope of animal well-being. As from 2020, under action PROW Animal Well-Being 2014-2020, farmers are granted support for fulfillment of the animal well-being obligations that go beyond the obligatory standards resulting from the commonly binding law. This support is to compensate farmers for additional costs incurred and lost income as a result of introducing farming practices related to increased animal well-being.
In the panel we will answer the question – How to meet the new animal well-being requirements and what benefits can this bring to farmers?